There are 2 types of diabetes, actually 3 if you include pre-diabetes, which is now considered a serious medical condition.
Here is a brief overview of all 3, including some general information on diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes: or insulin dependant (called this because patients must inject themselves with insulin daily to control blood sugar levels), is where the body is unable to produce insulin or doesn’t produce enough to process the glucose in the body.
Type 2 diabetes: according to the American Diabetes association, is where either the beta cells in the pancreas do not produce enough of the hormone insulin or the target cells ignore it. Insulin is necessary for the body to transport and use the glucose. Glucose or sugar is the basic fuel of the cells in the body and insulin takes the glucose from the blood into all the cells in the body. It affects many systems in the body and can cause major complications.
Pre-Diabetes: According to research there are 41 million in the U.S. with pre-diabetes, and two thirds don’t know it, and some have no symptoms. Research also shows there can be some damage to the body, especially the heart and circulatory system. There could be a 50% increase in heart disease and stroke. Pre, means likely to develop diabetes. But there is a lot you can do. Lose 5 to 10 percent of your body weight by diet and walking at least 30 minutes a day/ 5 days a week.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
- Unusual thirst
- Frequent desire to urinate
- Blurred vision
- Feeling tired most of the time.
- Normal : 80-100 mg/dl (4.4-5.5 mmol)
- Pre-Diabetic : 101-125 mg/dl (5.6-6.9mmol)
- Diabetic: over 126 mg/dl (over 7 mmol)
Complications: Controlling blood sugar levels is vital. According to the American Diabetes Association uncontrolled diabetes is the leading cause of:
1: Cardiovascular disease: increased risk of heart attack and stroke, coronary heart disease. (Heart Disease killed ½ million people last year, many who were diabetic)
2: Kidney Damage: leading to failure, leading to dialysis.
3: Nerve Damage: the most common complication of diabetes, Diabetic Neuropathy, damaging the nerves from the brain to the body. This can cause unwanted complications including amputations of the toes feet and legs.
5: Gastroparesis: gastroparesis is a gastrointestinal disorder where undigested food can block your digestive tract.
Beta Life, not only prevents all these complications, but gradually reduces your blood sugar to a normal level.
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